Eradicate Depression Through Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Therapy

Eradicate Depression Through Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Therapy

Depression is a type of mental condition and is prevalent in people of all ages. It is curable through easy and regular treatments depending on the type of depression. Depression is of many types and nine of them are most common. They are major depression, persistent depression, manic depression or bipolar disorder, depressive psychosis, perinatal depression, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, Seasonal affective depression, Situational depression and Atypical depression. Depression can be cured by multiple types of treatments like Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Therapy but before delving into that, why depression occurs? Should be known.

Noticeable symptoms of depression

  • Appetite increase and gain of body weight
  • Eating disorders
  • Loss of appetite and sudden weight loss
  • Poor looking of body image
  • Insomnia and loss of sleep
  • Random body aches and pains
  • Oversleeping and daytime sleep
  • Arms and legs feeling heavy for most of the day
  • Feeling of connectedness and insensitive to criticisms thereby social withdrawal
  • Anxiety and loss of focus and concentration

These are just a few symptoms commonly faced in a depressed person. There are still many and to find the right type of depression a visit to the psychiatrist is advised. A TMS Doctor can point out the exact type of condition one is facing and also will suggest the right treatment flow for the condition to be cured permanently.

Where transcranial magnetic stimulation treatment comes into the picture?

Transcranial magnetic stimulation treatment is the most advanced stage of treatment method available to depression. The method of treatment was first invented by Anthony T. Barker. He was not the first but successfully performed the electrical signaling of the brain through the use of a magnetic field. This research led to the development of first commercial device using transcranial magnetic stimulation. The work towards TMS has started way back from the 1700s itself. A shortlist of all those people who contributed to this field is Luigi Galvani, Michael faraday, Cerletti and Bini, Nicola Tesla and Merton and Morton.

The physics behind Transcranial stimulation by the magnetic field

Whenever a TMS Doctor takes the TMS handle and inspects your head, you should remember that multiple concepts of science are working in coordination in an effort to cure you of your illness. Those mind-blowing theories are electromagnetic induction, magnetic resonance imaging, Biot- Savart law, magnetic flux and Faraday's equation.

Working of the TMS machine

The transcranial magnetic stimulation device is a three-part device. The first part is the coil holder, second, the field controller, and third the output display. The coil holder is the which is kept over the part of the head which is to be scanned. This holder has three circular coils. These coils are arranged in a triangular fashion side by side in lateral manner. The current passes through these coils and the flow of current creates the magnetic flux in the coil. This flow is then adjusted to increase or decrease the magnetic field and its intensity during Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Therapy.

The role played by the parts of TMS machine in the therapy

Next comes the field controller part of the TMS device. IT is the slightly largest part of the machine compared to the other two. The controls are pretty simple with a formal training everyone can use the controller. The controller has current input as the power and output via the cable leading to the head coils. They have high sensitive converters which convert the incoming AC power to DC for use in the system. They can also send pulses of electrical signals to the head coil which is used in the treatment of Repetitive High-Frequency TMS. rTMS is another form TMS is still in the adoption stage and preferred for most severe forms of depression.

Conversion of magic done by TMS to words

Once the treatment of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Therapy is decided to be given to a patient. The patient is not taken through a long process like done in other operations. TMS is a simple procedure but the effect is highly scalable. When the treatment starts, the coil holder is attached to the part of the skull. The part lies above the part of the brain where stimulation is to be given. The current is sent in pulses at first to understand the reaction of the part of the brain to be treated. As soon as the desired reaction of the brain’s portion is achieved, the pulse which gave this effect is sustained to be sent for next time, to accomplish cure.

Output and interpretation of data stored in the visualizer

Compared to the above areas, this is where the need of doctor is actually felt. Though other works can be delegated to a medical trainee. This field requires an experienced specialist in the field of cerebrology. TMS Doctor reads the report and suggests the next move for the patient. These are the processes that take place in the treatment of Transcranial magnetic stimulation treatment. The treatment does not end here and it continues even outside the hospital. For any treatment, to succeed complete dedication of the patient and those around should be needed. Depression to be cured needs better environment for the patient, regular taking of medicines, visits to the doctor and finally mental strength is needed from the patient. One should not give in to his emotions and maintain his mental integrity to compliment the doctor’s efforts.

Final words to sign off

Depression is a must-have looked after condition, though it is not life-threatening like many viral diseases, depression is a career-threatening disease. People usually go into an infinite loop of emotions and when they loop it will be very difficult for them to pull out. Depression can be identified from the above-discussed symptoms. In case of depression being severe, doctors have come up with an advanced method of treatment called Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Therapy. This sends magnetic waves to interact with brain and bring relaxation to the brain activity. After going through the multi treatments done by the doctor, depression can be stopped but a strong patient and doctor cooperation are needed to achieve results.

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